Entity Framework 6 and SQL Server Compact (9) –SqlCeFunctions and DbFunctions

One of the major improvements to the SQL Server Compact Entity Framework provider in version 6 is the addition of the SqlCeFunctions class, and enhanced support for the so-called “canonical” database functions (DbFunctions/EntityFunctions).

Just to repeat, the SQL Server Compact providers are delivered in the EntityFramework.SqlServerCompact (for 4.0) and EntityFramework.SqlServerCompact.Legacy (for 3.5 SP2) NuGet packages.

The DbFunctions (previously named EntityFunctions) in the System.Data.Entity namespace define a set of (CLR) methods that expose conceptual model canonical functions in LINQ to Entities queries.

Before EF6.1, the SQL Server Compact provider only supported the functions defined for Entity Framework 1, not it supports all the functions listed here, except the following: Date/Time functions with micro and nanosecond precision (as only datetime exists as a data type in SQL Server Compact), StDev, StDevP, Var, VarP, Reverse, CurrentUtcDateTime, CurrentDateTimeOffset, GetTotalOffsetMinutes.

This means you can now have the SQL Compact engine excute LINQ to Entities expressions like String.Contains, String.EndsWith, String.Left etc.

The System.Data.Entity.SqlServerCompact.SqlCeFunctions class allows you to call database specific functions directly in LINQ to Entities queries, and the following functions have been implemented (for documentation of these, see the equivalent functions for SQL Server listed here):

String functions
CharIndex
NChar
PatIndex
Replicate
Space
StringConvert
Stuff
Unicode

Math functions
Acos
Asin
Atan
Atan2
Cos
Cot
Degrees
Exp
Log
Log10
Pi
Radians
Rand
Sign
Sin
SquareRoot
Tan

Date functions
DateAdd
DateDiff
DateName
DatePart
GetDate,

Other
DataLength

So you can compose LINQ to Entities queries like:

var result = db.Album.Where(a => SqlCeFunctions.DataLength(a.Title) > 20).ToList();

And the resulting SQL will look like this:

SELECT
    [Extent1].[AlbumId] AS [AlbumId],
    [Extent1].[Title] AS [Title],
    [Extent1].[ArtistId] AS [ArtistId]
    FROM [Album] AS [Extent1]
    WHERE (DATALENGTH([Extent1].[Title])) > 20

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